Types of Endoscopy and What They’re Used For – An Overview

Endoscopy is a medical procedure that is used for viewing and treating the internal organs as well as vessels of the body. The doctor uses  an endoscope, which is a lighted flexible tube to perform endoscopy in the patient. With the help of endoscopy, the doctor is able to better understand the symptoms that the patient may be experiencing  inside the body through the means of direct visualization using the Endoscope.

The specialized instrument comprises of a flexible tube that has an attached camera. The endoscope is inserted into the body via a small incision or through an opening in the body, for instance, mouth, nose, etc. The camera allows the doctor to clearly see the internal organs during the procedure.. In some cases, the doctor may also use a specific medical device to collect tissues for biopsy and further testing.

Uses of Endoscopy

Endoscopy is considered one of the best procedures to carry out a visual examination of an organ. The best thing about this procedure is that it is less invasive procedure, meaning it can be performed through the endoscope. .

The uses of endoscopy are:

1. It helps the medical practitioner to figure out the causes of abnormal symptoms that the patient is complaining of.

2. It offers visual assistance to the doctor. The doctor could easily see inside the patient’s body during a surgery, for instance, while removing gallstones, tumors, or while treating stomach ulcers.

3. Endoscopy can also be used for collecting tissue samples for further lab testing. This procedure is known as the endoscopic biopsy.

Types of Endoscopy and their indications

Arthroscopy
Arthroscopy is used to determine the problems with joints. In this procedure, a tube is inserted via a small cut in the vicinity of the joint.

Bronchoscopy
Bronchoscopy is indicated for examination of lungs. It is used in the cases with abnormal growth or infection in the lungs. The tube is inserted via mouth or nose.

Colonoscopy
This type of endoscopy is indicated to examine colon or tailbone. In this procedure, the tube is inserted via the anal cavity.

Cystoscopy
Cystoscopy is used in the cases with a damaged bladder. The tube is inserted via the urethra.

Enteroscopy
It is used to examine the problem with the small intestine. In this procedure, the endoscope is inserted through the mouth or anus.

Hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy is indicated to examine uterus. The tube is let in through the vagina.

Laparoscopy
Laparoscopy is an endoscopy procedure that is used to examine abdominal, as well as the pelvic area. In this procedure, the doctors need to make a small incision in the vicinity of that particular area.

Laryngoscopy
The procedure is used for the inspection of the larynx. The tube is introduced into the body through mouth or nose.

Mediastinoscopy
Mediastinoscopy is indicated to examine mediastinum (the area between both the lungs). An incision is made just above the breastbone to allow the tube inside the body.

Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy
Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is used to check esophagus and the upper intestinal tract. The tube is placed inside the body through the mouth.

Ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy is done to examine the ureter in males. The tube is introduced through the urethra.