That term endoscopy literally means “looking inside”. Endoscopy is a medical procedure that uses an endoscope for looking inside the body cavity or some hollow organ. As the endoscope is inserted directly within the body, it differs from other indirect ways of imaging.
While endoscopes in endoscopy can be used for many different medical therapeutic, diagnosis, and procedural purposes, it is mostly used for the examination of the gastrointestinal or GI tract by a Gastroenterologist, which is called gastrointestinal endoscopy. Surgeons and physicians may also use an endoscope for varied purposes.
Uses of Endoscopy
Endoscopy can be used for many different purposes. Some of the major and most prominent uses of the medical procedure and equipment include:
Symptom investigation: A number of symptoms are investigated further for their underlying causes, with an endoscopy procedure. For instance, symptoms associated with the GI tract, such as GI bleeding, difficulty in swallowing, abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, and others are investigated through the use of endoscopy.
Diagnosis confirmation: Endoscopy and endoscopes are also used for confirming a diagnosis as well. The endoscope may be used for performing a biopsy, and conditions including GI tract bleeding, cancer, anemia and inflammation among others are checked and diagnosed further by the use of the medical procedure.
For providing treatment: An endoscope can also be used for providing treatment for a disease. Endoscopes can be used to:
? Remove the polyps or stones
? Widen an abnormally narrowed esophagus, bile or pancreatic ducts
? Removing any object of foreign origin
?Bleeding vessel cauterization
Upper GI endoscopy, enteroscopy, and colonoscopy are the 3 main kinds of GI or gastrointestinal endoscopy. During GI endoscopy, the endoscope is inserted within an open orifice, which is usually the mouth or the anus. The endoscope contains the light as well as a camera at one of its end, which allows the doctors and physicians to view the inner targeted areas. Colonoscopy is the insertion of the endoscope within the rectum area so that the intestine and colon could be viewed. Apart from the smaller and larger intestine, the esophagus area can also be viewed by using an esophagastroduodenoscopy, or upper scope.
Instances when you might need GI endoscopy
Here are some conditions when you should consult a physician or a Gastroenterologist immediately and undergo GI endoscopy.
? When you have been diagnosed with the digestive problems or when you experience intense pain within the abdominal region.
? If you suffer from chronic (over a long-time period) heartburns or experience acid reflux of intense nature.
? If you have been experiencing constipation for a long time or have a feeling that there is some kind of blockage in your gut.
? If you have a family history of relatives suffering from colon cancer.
? If you find blood in your stool.
?If you are more than 50 years.
Endoscopy is useful towards healing a range of diseases including the diseases related to the GI tract (including colon and intestines), and even cancer. You should not delay the process if you find any of the symptoms associated with yourself or someone you know. As endoscopy may carry a risk of infection and other kinds of ailments, it is important and necessary that you get the treatment under a qualified and experienced physician or Gastroenterologist, who uses the latest Endoscopes with advanced technologies.